Saturday, January 12, 2013
NRA WAS PRO-GUN WHEN IT CAME TO THE BLACK PANTHERS
In the wake of the deadly Newtown Connecticut shooting in December, President Barack Obama appointed Vice President Joe Biden to convene a gun violence prevention task force. The National Rifle Association, or the NRA, expressed its disappointment with a meeting it held with Biden, who will release his recommendations on Tuesday.
“We were disappointed with how little this meeting had to do with keeping our children safe and how much it had to do with an agenda to attack the Second Amendment,” the NRA wrote in a statement. “While claiming that no policy proposals would be ‘prejudged,’ this Task Force spent most of its time on proposed restrictions on lawful firearms owners — honest, taxpaying, hardworking Americans.”
While today’s NRA takes hardline positions against even the most modest gun control measures, this was not always the case. Throughout its history, the NRA supported gun control, including restrictions on gun ownership, and was not focused on the Second Amendment.
But the organization had a change of heart in the 1970s when the Black Panthers advocated for an individual right to bear arms. Ironically, the Panthers were the founders of the modern-day gun rights movement, which became the purview of predominantly white, rural conservatives.
The ambiguous reading of the Second Amendment notwithstanding, gun control is as old as the Republic, and the amendment was not interpreted as an absolute in the early days of the United States. There was a balance between individual rights and public safety.
For example, slaves and freed blacks were barred from gun ownership, reflecting fears that African-Americans would revolt. At the same time, the founders proscribed gun ownership to many whites, including those who would not swear their loyalty to the Revolution. And contrary to legend, the “Wild, Wild West” had the most severe gun control policies in America.
Meanwhile, the Black Codes of the post-Civil War South were designed to disempower blacks and reestablish white rule.
This included the prohibition on blacks possessing firearms—a law which was enforced by white gun owners such as the Ku Klux Klan, who terrorized black communities. The Northern framers of the Fourteenth Amendment and the first Civil Rights Act viewed gun rights as fundamental to upholding the constitutional protections of the freedmen.
When Prohibition-era organized crime led to the enactment of the National Firearms Act of 1934—the nation’s first federal gun control laws—the NRA not only supported restrictive gun control measures, but drafted legislation in numerous states limiting the carrying of concealed weapons. When NRA president Karl Frederick was asked by Congress whether the Second Amendment imposed any restrictions on gun control, he responded that he had “not given it any study from that point of view.”
Frederick said he did “not believe in the general promiscuous toting of guns. I think it should be sharply restricted and only under licenses.” He helped draft the Uniform Firearms Act, a model law which required a police permit to carry a concealed weapon, a registry of all gun purchases, and a two-day waiting period for firearms sales.
In the 1960s, the NRA continued to support gun control, a wave which was fueled by the assassinations of President John F. Kennedy, Senator Robert F. Kennedy and Martin Luther King, and the racial strife and violent uprisings in the nation's urban centers.
The organization actively lobbied in favor of the Gun Control Act of 1968, which banned gun sales by mail, and enacted a system of licensing those people and companies who bought and sold firearms. Franklin Orth, then the executive vice president of the NRA, said that although certain aspects of the law “appear unduly restrictive and unjustified in their application to law-abiding citizens, the measure as a whole appears to be one that the sportsmen of America can live with.”
During that time, the NRA and conservative politicians such as California Governor Ronald Reagan supported gun control as a means of restoring social order, and getting weapons out of the hands of radical, left-leaning and revolutionary groups, particularly the Black Panther Party.
Responding to the perceived failures of the nonviolent civil rights movement, the Black Panthers took a more militant and uncompromising approach of the fallen leader Malcolm X. Led by figures including Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale, the Panthers’ “by any means necessary” approach included a most aggressive gun ownership policy to protect their communities from police abuse.
Beginning in 1966, the Panthers carried out police patrols, in which they rushed to the scene of an arrest with their loaded weapons publicly displayed, and notified those being arrested of their constitutional rights. California state legislator Don Mulford introduced a bill to repeal the state law allowing citizens to carry loaded guns in public if they were openly displayed. Mulford had the Panthers in mind with this legislation.
On May 2, 1967, a group of Black Panthers protested the bill by walking into the California State Capitol Building fully armed. In response, the legislature passed the Mulford Act. And Gov. Reagan, who was a major proponent of disarming the Panthers, signed the bill into law, effectively neutralizing the Panther Police Patrols.
Yet, in the 1970s the NRA began to shift their direction rightward and actively lobby for gun rights. Their chief lobbyist, Harlon Carter, was a former border control agent and staunch supporter of gun rights. In 1977, Carter and his faction staged a coup within the NRA, against an establishment that wanted to shift away from gun control and crime in favor of conservation and sportsmen’s issues.
With the Black Panther Party and other left wing gun control foes out of the picture, the new hardline NRA feared the government would similarly take away their guns. Further, these predominantly white and conservative gun rights advocates in the NRA shared the Panthers’ distrust of the police.
Ironically, Ronald Reagan—who had signed the Mulford Act to disarm the Black Panther Party—changed his stance and advocated for guns as a defense against state power.
“So isn’t it better for the people to own arms than to risk enslavement by power-hungry men or nations? The founding fathers thought so,” Reagan said in a radio commentary in 1975.
In 1980, the NRA endorsed Reagan for president, the first such endorsement by the group. On March 30, 1981, President Reagan and three others were shot and injured by John Hinckley, Jr., 25, outside the Washington Hilton Hotel
(Courtesy of Columnist David A. Love of The Grio, January 11, 2013. at 8:34 AM)
Now brothas and sistas, you know it ain't no bad luck accident that the whiteman's NRA organization (The National Rifle Association) who they love so much, so much so that their own little white babies in school classrooms can get blown to smithereens and their own white congress woman talking to constituents gets damn near half of her head get shot off and ironically lives to tell about it, yet the NRA right now as this is being written has no intentions of EVER doing anything to control the gun play in this country while clinging fiercely to their so-called second amendment under the constitution rights to bear arms.
However, as you just read above straight out of the mouth of history which has shown us that when it came to the black man's second amendment under the constitution right to bear and carry guns to protect their "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness", oh well now there's a problem ... Houston We Have A Problem!!! Yeah right! Naw white man YOU have the problem because that same United States constitution your white slave holding murdering savage greedy forefathers wrote while blacks were still in chains and not allowed to read (by law) stated that the right to bear arms to protect oneself and their property is now LAW.... You bloodthirsty slaving holding evil devils didn't figure on the black man and black woman one day getting themselves free and being able to READ what "you good ol' boys" wrote and now here it is a couple of hundred years later and the right to bear arms is once again up for debate. It wasn't The Black Panther Party terrorizing and killing white folks! Shit, it was the white man and it still is the white man doing all that shit!
It never cease to amaze people of conscious how the white man hates himself, his white woman, and his own white child (even hating his own white presidents) so much that when they get their asses blown to bits by one of their own white terrorist brothers that is not even enough to bring them to the proverbial table to rethink their positions on this gun control thing -YET- When the black man and black woman take up arms as Africans in America to defend themselves from the same white devil oppressor terrorist who have for the last 400 plus years been hell-bent on destroying, murdering, and denigrating the black nation well then those same white devils fall over themselves running to the table to "discuss the matter", as they did when those great black heroes The Black Panther Party took up arms and decided to get down for their God-given right to exist in this country.
We in The Black Fist Organization say Bullshit!!! As long as the white man has a right to bear arms then so the hell do we, the long suffering descendants of African slaves still living, surviving, and striving in these hells of North America called The United States of America.
Hey! That's just the way it is white man!
Deal with it!
BLACK FIST, BLACK POWER, BLACK NATION!!!